Labadieville, Louisiana

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Labadieville is a census-designated place (CDP) in Assumption Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 1,811 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Pierre Part Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Labadieville, originally called "Brulee Labadie", takes its name from a French pioneer and resident, Jean Louis LaBadie. In 1721, there were some fifty warriors of the Chitimacha tribe. During the two decades after 1750, the area around Labadieville was taken up by French and Spanish, joined by Acadians, Islenos and a sprinkling of Germans from the Cote des Allemands or German Coast to the east on the Mississippi River.

In 1843, a mission was established. St. Philomena Catholic church dates from 1848 as an organized parish and the first mass was said in the home of Widow Zacharie Boudreaux. The first building was occupied in 1847.

Labadieville was the scene of a battle, Oct. 27, 1862, between U.S. forces under Gen. Weitzel and a body of Confederate troops under Brig. Gen. Alfred Mouton. Major General Benjamin F. Butler, commanding Union forces in the Department of the Gulf, launched an expedition into the Bayou Lafourche region to eliminate the Rebel threat from that area, to make sure that sugar and cotton products from there would come into Union hands and, in the future, to use it as a base for other military operations. Gen. Weitzel, Butler's protege, with 5 regiments from the Reserve Brigade, Department of the Gulf (numbering about 4000 men), left Carrollton, 7 miles above New Orleans, on Oct. 24, and went up the river in transports conveyed by gunboats. Reaching Donaldsonville the next day, the troops were disembarked. On the 26th, they marched down the bayou 15 miles to Napoleonville, but were unable to find the Confederate force known to be in that region. On the 27th Gen. Weitzel continued his march to Labadieville, on the East bank of the bayou, where he found the enemy in considerable force entrenched on both sides of the bayou, with 6 pieces of artillery in battery. Confederate Forces included the 18th Louisiana Infantry Regiment, Crescent Regiment, Ralston’s Battery, Detachment of Cavalry, 33rd Louisiana Infantry Regiment, Terre Bonne Regiment of the Louisiana Militia, Semmes’s Battery and 2nd Louisiana Cavalry Regiment (approx. 1,392 men).

Gen. Weitzel's troops began skirmishing with Confederate positions on the East bank at about 11:00 AM. Lacking the artillery support of the troops entrenched on the West bank of the bayou, Confederate troops in these positions retired quickly. By means of a floating bridge Gen. Weitzel began crossing his men to the west bank to attack the Rebel troops there. For some time, these Confederate troops fought resolutely and brought the Union assault to a standstill. However, a lack of artillery ammunition compelled the Confederate forces to abandon these positions as well. Confederate forces retreated up the bayou to Labadieville.

Union losses were 18 killed and 68 wounded. Confederate losses were estimated at 229. Additionally, 206 Confederates were taken prisoner. On the 28th Weitzel entered and occupied Thibodeaux, a few miles below Labadieville, and on the 29th communication was opened with New Orleans by means of the New Orleans, Opelousas and Great Western Railroad. The result of the expedition was to open the whole region of the Bayou Lafourche to Union occupation.

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