Landaff, New Hampshire

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Landaff is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. As of the 2000 census, the town population was 378. The 2009 population was estimated to be 410.[1]



The name on the town charter is Llandaff, after the Bishop of Llandaff, chaplain to England's King George III. Originally, however, the land was granted as Whitcherville to James Avery and 60 others on January 31, 1764. But those settlers forfeited their grant by failure to comply with the requirements of the charter, so the territory was re-granted to Dartmouth College on January 19, 1770.

Settlements were made under the Dartmouth grant. Roads and a mill were built at the expense of the college, and on November 11, 1774, the town was incorporated. After the Revolutionary War, however, the first grantees successfully claimed that their forfeiture was illegal, so the college had to abandon its title and lose what it had expended in making the settlements.

Landaff was originally much larger than today. It was changed by legislative actions over the years:

  • On July 2, 1845, it gained a small tract from the then-adjoining town of Lincoln.
  • On July 20, 1876, the town was divided, with the eastern half becoming the town of Easton.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.5 square miles (74 km2), of which 28.4 sq mi (74 km2) is land and 0.1 sq mi (0.26 km2) is water, comprising 0.25% of the town. The highest point in Landaff is the summit of Moody Ledge, at 2,326 feet (709 m) above sea level. The Ammonoosuc River defines part of the northwestern boundary of the town, and the Wild Ammonoosuc River flows through the southern part of the town. Landaff lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed.[2]

The southern half of the town is in the White Mountain National Forest, accessible via Cobble Hill Trail and Ore Hill Trail from the north. Natural features of Landaff include many viewsheds, mountain summits, wetlands, undeveloped woodland and farm land. The main bodies of water in town are Chandler Pond, Jericho Pond and Gordon Pond.

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