Languages of Europe

related topics
{language, word, form}
{country, population, people}
{group, member, jewish}
{work, book, publish}
{theory, work, human}
{school, student, university}
{church, century, christian}

Most languages of Europe belong to the Indo-European language family; another major family is the Finno-Ugric. The Turkic family also has several European members, while the North and South Caucasian families are important in the southeastern extremity of geographical Europe. Basque is a language isolate directly related to ancient Aquitanian, while Maltese is the only Semitic language in Europe with national language status.

In addition to current languages, there are many languages once used in Europe which are now extinct; see List of extinct languages of Europe. Other languages are nearly extinct; see List of endangered languages in Europe. This article also does not include languages spoken by relatively recently-arrived migrant communities.

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