Last Supper

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By the Last Supper is meant the final meal that Jesus shared with his twelve disciples before his death. The events of that evening are recounted in the canonical gospels and by the Paul the Apostle. According to what Paul wrote in his First Letter to the Corinthians,[1] at that meal Jesus gave his disciples bread, saying it was his body, which was broken for them, and gave them wine, saying it was the new covenant in his blood, and told them to do it in his memory.

In the Synoptic Gospels, Jesus institutes a new covenant of his blood and body, the wine and bread. Many Christians describe this as the "Institution of the Eucharist" (see Maundy Thursday). Scholars have looked to the Last Supper as the source of early Christian Eucharist traditions.[2] Others see the account of the Last Supper as derived from 1st-century eucharistic practice[2][3] as described as early as the mid-50s of that century (the date of the writing of 1 Corinthians), 20–25 years after the death of Jesus.

The Gospel of John recounts, instead of the institution of this new covenant with wine and bread, Jesus' washing of the disciples' feet,[4] and also depicts Jesus as speaking at length in his farewell discourse about his divine role.

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