Lebanon, Maine

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Lebanon is a town in York County, Maine, United States. The population was 5,083 at the 2000 census. Lebanon includes the villages of Center Lebanon, West Lebanon, North Lebanon, South Lebanon and East Lebanon. It is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine metropolitan statistical area. Lebanon is home to Skydive New England.

Contents

History

It was called Towwoh by the Newichawannock Abenaki tribe, whose main village was further down the Salmon Falls River. On April 20, 1733, the Massachusetts General Court granted Towwoh Plantation to 60 colonists, who first settled it in 1743. The township was incorporated on June 17, 1767, renamed Lebanon after the biblical land of Lebanon. It was Maine's 23rd town. Lebanon annexed unincorporated land in 1785, and some from Sanford in 1787. It swapped land with Shapleigh, giving some in 1793, then annexing some in 1825. [1]

Farmers found the surface of the town relatively level in the southeast, with extensive pine plains in the northwest. The chief crop would be hay. At the Salmon Falls River and the Little River were water power sites for mills. Lebanon had four sawmills, three gristmills, a shingle mill, a wool carding mill and a tannery. In 1850, Oren B. Cheney founded West Lebanon Academy. Beginning in the early 1870s, the Portland & Rochester Railroad ran the length of the town's southeast side, with the Portsmouth, Great Falls & Conway Railroad crossing for a short distance on the western side. [2]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 55.8 square miles (144.5 km²), of which, 54.7 square miles (141.7 km²) of it is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km²) of it (1.94%) is water. Lebanon is drained by the Little River and Salmon Falls River.

The town is crossed by U.S. Route 202 and State Route 11. It borders the towns of Acton to the north, Sanford to the east, Berwick and North Berwick to the southeast, and the New Hampshire towns of Milton and Rochester to the west.

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