Leonid Brezhnev

related topics
{war, force, army}
{government, party, election}
{son, year, death}
{company, market, business}
{country, population, people}
{city, large, area}
{build, building, house}
{black, white, people}
{film, series, show}
{school, student, university}
{album, band, music}
{day, year, event}
{rate, high, increase}

Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (Russian: About this sound Леони́д Ильи́ч Бре́жнев​ , 19 December 1906 – 10 November 1982) was the General Secretary of the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), presiding over the country from 1964 until his death in 1982. His eighteen-year term as General Secretary was one of the lengthiest, second only to that of Joseph Stalin. During Brezhnev's rule, the global influence of the Soviet Union grew dramatically, in part because of the expansion of the Soviet military during this time. In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan to support the fragile Marxist government located there, a move condemned by the West. His tenure as leader has often been criticized for marking the beginning of a period of economic stagnation, overlooking serious economic problems which eventually led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Brezhnev was born in Kamenskoe into a Ukrainian workers' family. After graduating from the Dniprodzerzhynsk Metallurgical Technicum he became a metallurgical engineer in the iron and steel industry, in Ukraine. He joined Komsomol in 1923 and, in 1929, joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, playing an active role in the party's affairs. In 1936, he was drafted into compulsory military service and later became a political commissar in a tank factory. In 1939, he was promoted Party Secretary of Dnipropetrovsk, an important military industrial complex. When Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, he was drafted into immediate military service. During his service, he met Nikita Khrushchev whom he later succeeded as General Secretary. He left the army in 1946 with the rank of Major General and was subsequently promoted to First Secretary of the Communist Party in Dnipropetrovsk.

In 1950, he became deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union, the highest legislative body in the country, and in 1952 became a member of the Central Committee. Brezhnev was appointed to the Presidium (formerly the Politburo) soon after. He became a Khrushchev protégé in government, but eventually orchestrated his overthrow and replaced him as General Secretary in 1964.

Full article ▸

related documents
Lev Kamenev
Daoud's Republic of Afghanistan
Nikita Khrushchev
Grigory Zinoviev
History of Uruguay
Zhou Enlai
Marwan Barghouti
Russian Revolution (1905)
Ngo Dinh Diem
Sierra Leone
Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Ho Chi Minh
Puppet state
Cold War (1947–1953)
Dwight D. Eisenhower
East Germany
Hafez al-Assad
Foreign relations of Chile
David Ben-Gurion
Jean-Bédel Bokassa
Idi Amin
Nathaniel Prentice Banks
History of Qatar
Victor Emmanuel III of Italy
Manuel Noriega
Zapatista Army of National Liberation
Mohammed Daoud Khan
History of El Salvador
Tokugawa shogunate
North Korea–United States relations