Location-based service

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{service, military, aircraft}
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A location-based service (LBS) is an information and entertainment service, accessible with mobile devices through the mobile network and utilizing the ability to make use of the geographical position of the mobile device [1] [2] [3] [4].

LBS services can be used in a variety of contexts, such as health, work, personal life, etc. [5]. LBS services include services to identify a location of a person or object, such as discovering the nearest banking cash machine or the whereabouts of a friend or employee. LBS services include parcel tracking and vehicle tracking services. LBS can include mobile commerce when taking the form of coupons or advertising directed at customers based on their current location. They include personalized weather services and even location-based games. They are an example of telecommunication convergence.

This concept of location based systems is not compliant with the standardized concept of real-time locating systems and related local services (RTLS), as noted in ISO/IEC 19762-5 [6] and ISO/IEC 24730-1 [7].

Contents

History

Research forerunners of today's location-based services are the infrared Active Badge system (1989–1993), Microsoft's Wi-Fi-based indoor location system RADAR (2000), MIT's Cricket project using ultrasound location (2000) or Intel's Place Lab with wide-area location (2003).[8]

The first consumer LBS-capable mobile web device was the Palm VII, released in 1999.[9] Two of the in-the-box applications made use of the zipcode-level positioning information and share the title for first consumer LBS application: the Weather.com app from The Weather Channel, and the[10] TrafficTouch app from Sony-Etak / Metro Traffic.

The first LBS service, friendzone, was launched by swisscom in Switzerland on May 2001, using the technology of valis ltd. The service included friend finder, LBS dating and LBS games.[11]. Same serivce was launched later by vodafone germany, orange portugal and pelephone in Israel[12]

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