Longmeadow, Massachusetts

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Longmeadow is a town in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 15,633 at the 2000 census. Its town government consists of a Select Board with five members.

Longmeadow is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Longmeadow was first settled in 1644, and officially incorporated on October 17, 1783. The town was originally farmland within the limits of Springfield. It remained relatively pastoral until the street railway was built about 1910, when the population tripled over a fifteen-year period. After Interstate 91 was built in the wetlands on the west side of town, population tripled again between 1960 and 1975. Today it is the most affluent suburb in the state west of Worcester, featuring the highest per capita income of any location in that region.

During the 19th and early 20th centuries, Longmeadow was best-known as the site from which Longmeadow brownstone was mined. Several famous American buildings, including Princeton University's Neo-Gothic library are made of Longmeadow brownstone. In 1894, the more populous and industrialized "East Village" portion of the town containing the brownstone quarries split off to become East Longmeadow.

Johnny Appleseed once lived here, and Louisa May Alcott mentions a place called Longmeadow in Little Women. Longmeadow was also the home of Dr. Nathan Cooley Keep, a pioneer in the field of dentistry and the founding Dean of the Harvard School of Dental Medicine. Craig E. Campbell also hails from Longmeadow. He served as Alaska's Lieutenant Governor and commanded the Alaska National Guard, retiring in the grade of Lieutenant General (AK).

Many recent celebrities are former Longmeadow residents, including actress Bridget Moynahan, actress Erinn Bartlett, former Total Request Live host Damien Fahey, as well as New England Revolution defenseman Jay Heaps. Aaron Lewis of the band Staind graduated from Longmeadow High School. Joey Santiago of the band Pixies graduated from Longmeadow High School. Author Anita Shreve is a current town resident.

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