Louisiana, Missouri

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Louisiana is a city in Pike County, Missouri, United States. The population was 3,863 at the 2000 census. Louisiana is located in northeast Missouri, on the Mississippi River south of Hannibal.



  • The town was settled in 1817 by John Bryson. Other notable early residents were Samuel Caldwell and Joel Shaw, both of whom purchased land from Bryson in 1818. All three properties became the original town plat and comprised mainly riverfront properties. Many of the towns residents trace their ancestry to these town pioneers. The town itself is named for Louisiana Bayse, daughter of another early settler. Louisiana proved to be a profitable shipping point on the Mississippi River, and that wealth led to numerous substantial antebellum homes. Many of those still remain and, along with the Georgia Street Historic District in downtown Louisiana, are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Missouri Department of Natural Resources has noted that the town has "the most intact Victorian Streetscape in the state of Missouri."
  • Louisiana is one of three communities forming the 50 Miles of Art corridor, linked by history, heritage & Route 79; Louisiana, Clarksville and Hannibal are home to many artists, crafts-persons and artisans. The community is also home to the annual Louisiana Country Colorfest.
  • In 1946, the town was the site of a Fischer-Tropsch plant capable of producing liquid hydrocarbon fuels. Seven scientists brought into the United States by Operation Paperclip from nazi Germany took part in the research. [3]
  • Louisiana hopes to be part of the "green energy" revolution as a former ammonia plant has been converted for the study and production of synthetic fuels.
  • The town made national headlines on July 5–6, 2010 when a four year-old girl, Alisa Maier, was abducted while playing in her front yard. An AMBER Alert was issued, which helped lead to her safe return twenty-six hours later, as she was found at a car wash near Fenton.[4]


Louisiana is located at 39°26′45″N 91°3′24″W / 39.44583°N 91.05667°W / 39.44583; -91.05667 (39.445833, -91.056584)[5]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.9 km²), of which 3.1 square miles (8.1 km²) is land and 0.3 square mile (0.8 km²) (8.48%) is water.

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