Luis Muñoz Marín

related topics
{government, party, election}
{company, market, business}
{son, year, death}
{land, century, early}
{work, book, publish}
{country, population, people}
{theory, work, human}
{black, white, people}
{service, military, aircraft}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}

Don José Luis Alberto Muñoz Marín (February 18, 1898 – April 30, 1980) was a Puerto Rican poet, journalist, and politician. Regarded as the "father of modern Puerto Rico,"[1][2] he was the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico. Muñoz Marín was the son of Luis Muñoz Rivera, a renowned autonomist leader. Following the death of his father, he began writing poetry, eventually publishing two books. After a brief involvement with the Socialist Party, he began developing an ideology based on independence. In 1932, he joined the newly formed Liberal Party of Puerto Rico and ran a successful bid for senator. In 1937, Muñoz Marín was expelled from the Liberal Party and created a group known as Acción Social Independentista. One year later, he took part in the foundation of the Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico. This party won a majority in the Senate of Puerto Rico, with Muñoz Marín serving as its president. In 1947, the United States Congress passed legislation that allowed Puerto Rico to elect its own governor. Consequently, Muñoz Marín ran a successful campaign for the position, taking office on January 2, 1949.

He worked with the U.S. Congress towards the creation of a Constitution, which was a key element to change the status of Puerto Rico to Estado Libre Asociado or "commonwealth". Muñoz Marín was re-elected three times, serving a total of sixteen years as Governor, all of them representing the Popular Democratic Party. In 1963, he was presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom. In 1970, Muñoz Marín retired from politics, spending his later life as a traveler. On April 30, 1980, he died due to health complications. Muñoz Marín's funeral gathered attention throughout Puerto Rico, being attended by thousands of followers.


Full article ▸

related documents
John McEwen
Homer E. Capehart
Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh
Edgar Faure
Cambio 90
Lluís Companys i Jover
Foreign relations of Monaco
Politics of Cape Verde
United States presidential election, 1804
List of premiers of Prince Edward Island
United Kingdom general election, 2001
Claudia Roth
Ludwig Erhard
Domhnall Ua Buachalla
United States presidential election, 1904
Politics of Monaco
Foreign relations of Mali
Solidarity Electoral Action
Politics of Lesotho
Government of Colombia
Alexander John Cuza
Politics of Greenland
Sila María Calderón
Politics of the Northern Mariana Islands
William A. Wheeler
Pacific Scandal
Pan-Green Coalition
Politics of the Republic of the Congo
Esko Aho