Madison, Alabama

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Madison a city located primarily in Madison county in northern part of the U.S. state of Alabama. Madison extends west into neighboring Limestone county. The city is included in the Huntsville Metropolitan Area and is also included in the merged Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. As of the 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city was 36,824.[1] Madison's current mayor is Paul Finley.

Contents

History

Madison's first resident was John Cartwright, who settled in the area in 1818. The city was originally known as Madison Station, and grew up in the 1850s around a stop of the Memphis & Charleston Railroad. Madison was the site of a battle in the American Civil War on March 16, 1864, when Col. Josiah Patterson's 5th Alabama Cavalry, supported by Col. James H. Stuart's cavalry battalion and a section of horse artillery, drove Col. Adam G. Gorgas's 13th Illinois Infantry Regiment from the city. Patterson's men captured the 13th Illinois Regiment's wagon train, taking 66 prisoners. They also burned Union supplies and tore up the railroad tracks before retreating. Portions of the 5th Ohio Cavalry, the 59th Indiana Infantry and the 5th Iowa Infantry were sent in pursuit from Huntsville and skirmished with Patterson's rear guard that evening at Fletcher's Ferry south of Madison.

More recently, the city has become a fast-growing suburb of Huntsville. In 1980, the population of Madison was about 4,000. Today, the city's estimated population is 36,824.

Education

The Madison City School System, formed in 1998, serves over 8,400 students from the city of Madison and town of Triana.[2] In 2009, the school system had seven elementary schools (Columbia Elementary School, Heritage Elementary School, Horizon Elementary School, Madison Elementary School, Rainbow Elementary School, West Madison Elementary School, and Mill Creek Elementary), two middle schools (Discovery Middle School, Liberty Middle School), and one high school (Bob Jones High School). Madison also has several private schools, including Madison Academy, Faith Christian Academy, St John the Baptist, and Westminster Academy.

Economy

Madison's largest employer is Intergraph, a computer software company based in Madison. Thousands of Madison residents commute to Cummings Research Park and Redstone Arsenal in nearby Huntsville. Within the city limits, most of Madison's businesses are retail, with stores and fast-food restaurants lining US 72 to the north and Madison Boulevard to the south. Parts of Madison is long distance to other parts (crossing the Madison/Limestone county border) as AT&T has not kept pace with growth in the region as reported in the Huntsville Times/Decatur Daily/Athens-News-Courier.[3]

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