Marquis de Condorcet

related topics
{theory, work, human}
{son, year, death}
{government, party, election}
{work, book, publish}
{black, white, people}
{math, number, function}
{law, state, case}
{woman, child, man}
{town, population, incorporate}

Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet ([maʁi ʒɑ̃n‿ɑ̃twan nikola də kaʁita kɔ̃dɔʁˈse]; 17 September 1743 – 28 March 1794), known as Nicolas de Condorcet, was a French philosopher, mathematician, and early political scientist whose Condorcet method in voting tally selects the candidate who would beat each of the other candidates in a run-off election. Unlike many of his contemporaries, he advocated a liberal economy, free and equal public education, constitutionalism, and equal rights for women and people of all races. His ideas and writings were said to embody the ideals of the Age of Enlightenment and rationalism, and remain influential to this day. He died a mysterious death in prison after a period of being a fugitive from French Revolutionary authorities.

Contents

Early life

Condorcet was born in Ribemont, Aisne, and descended from the ancient family of Caritat, who took their title from the town of Condorcet in Dauphiné, of which they were long-time residents. Fatherless at a young age, he was raised by his devoutly religious mother. He was educated at the Jesuit College in Reims and at the Collège de Navarre in Paris, where he quickly showed his intellectual ability, and gained his first public distinctions in mathematics. When he was sixteen, his analytical abilities gained the praise of Jean le Rond d'Alembert and Alexis Clairault; soon, Condorcet would study under d'Alembert.

Full article ▸

related documents
Eric Hoffer
Das Judenthum in der Musik
Otto Rank
Fernando Pessoa
Georg Simmel
Theophrastus
Christine de Pizan
Imagism
Grandfather paradox
Hannah Arendt
J. B. S. Haldane
John Forbes Nash, Jr.
Theaetetus (dialogue)
Nikolai Gogol
Sydney Push
Dell Hymes
Epictetus
Saul Bellow
The Road to Wigan Pier
Frantz Fanon
Eugène Ionesco
Eli Siegel
Scottish Enlightenment
Alfred North Whitehead
Cognition
Charisma
Regional science
Precognition
Counterfactual history
John Anderson (philosopher)