Mars, Pennsylvania

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Mars is a borough in Butler County, Pennsylvania, USA. The population was 1,746 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Mars is located at 40°41′48″N 80°0′44″W / 40.69667°N 80.01222°W / 40.69667; -80.01222 (40.696594, -80.012205)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), all of it land.

History

The borough of Mars was founded in 1873, and is situated about halfway between the cities of Pittsburgh and Butler. The small community is nestled in a small valley along Breakneck Creek with PA 228 located about a mile south of Mars, and the Mars-Evans City Road located to the north. It is home to the popular roadside attraction, the Mars "Spaceship" or "Flying Saucer". It is also home to the Mars Station which is one of the last railroad depots still standing from the now defunct Pittsburgh and Western Railroad.[2]

In 1873, Samuel Parks constructed a home and a water-powered gristmill along Breakneck Creek. Parks then decided to have a post office placed in his home, so he received help from his friend, Samuel Marshall to help establish it. The name of the post office became Overbrook.[3] In 1877, the Pittsburgh, New Castle and Lake Erie Railroad was constructed through Overbrook, and had a station built there. In 1882, the name of the community was changed to Mars since the railroad already had a stop with the name, "Overbrook".[4] No one is sure how the name "Mars" came into being. Some say it was Park's wife who enjoyed astronomy, or it was shortened after Samuel Marshall's name.[5] On March 6, 1895, Mars was incorporated as a borough.

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