Matthew Paris

related topics
{church, century, christian}
{work, book, publish}
{son, year, death}
{language, word, form}
{@card@, make, design}
{day, year, event}
{math, number, function}

Matthew Paris (c. 1200 – 1259) was a Benedictine monk, English chronicler, artist in illuminated manuscripts and cartographer, based at St Albans Abbey in Hertfordshire. He wrote a number of works, mostly historical, which he scribed and illuminated himself, typically in drawings partly coloured with watercolour washes, sometimes called "tinted drawings". Some were written in Latin, some in Anglo-Norman or French verse. His Chronica Majora is an oft-cited source, though modern historians recognize that Paris was not always reliable. He tended to glorify Emperor Frederick II and denigrate the Pope.[1]


Life and work

In spite of his surname and knowledge of the French language, Paris was of English birth, and is believed by some historians to be of the Paris family of Hildersham, Cambridgeshire.[2] He may have studied at Paris in his youth after early education at the St Albans Abbey School. The first we know of Matthew Paris (from his own writings) is that he was admitted as a monk to St Albans in 1217. It is on the assumption that he was in his teens on admission that his birth date is estimated; some scholars suspect he may have been ten years or more older; many monks only entered monastic life after pursuing a career in the world outside. He was clearly at ease with the nobility and even royalty, which may indicate that he came from a family of some status, although it also seems an indication of his personality. His life was mainly spent in this religious house. In 1248, Paris was sent to Norway as the bearer of a message from Louis IX to Haakon IV; he made himself so agreeable to the Norwegian sovereign that he was invited to superintend the reformation of the Benedictine monastery of Nidarholm outside Trondheim.

Apart from these missions, his known activities were devoted to the composition of history, a pursuit for which the monks of St Albans had long been famous. After admission to the order in 1217, he inherited the mantle of Roger of Wendover, the abbey's official recorder of events, in 1236. Paris revised Roger's work, and that of Abbot John de Cella, adding new material to cover his own tenure. This Chronica Majora is an important historical source document, especially for the period between 1235 and 1259. Equally interesting are the illustrations Paris created for his work.

Full article ▸

related documents
Roman Missal
John Bale
George Whitefield
Giorgio Vasari
Lancelot Andrewes
Bertel Thorvaldsen
Sandro Botticelli
Benedict Biscop
Pietà (Michelangelo)
Château d'Amboise
Lismore Castle
Benny Hinn
Pope Gelasius I
Maximilian Kolbe
Synod of Dort
Pope Nicholas V
Henri Matisse
Constantin Brâncuşi
John Everett Millais
Edmund Grindal
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
Charles Spurgeon
Fountains Abbey
Waltham Abbey (abbey)
Tivoli, Italy
List of religious houses in Scotland
Exeter Cathedral