Mehmed VI

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Mehmed VI Wahid ed-din (Ottoman Turkish: محمد سادس Meḥmed-i sâdis, Turkish: Mehmed Vahideddin or Mehmet Vahdettin) (14 January/2 February 1861 – 15/16 May 1926) was the 36th and last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, reigning from 1918 to 1922. The brother of Mehmed V, he succeeded to the throne as the eldest male member of the House of Osman after the 1916 suicide of Abdülaziz's son Yusuf Izzettin Efendi,[1] the heir to the throne. He was girded with the Sword of Osman on July 4, 1918, as the thirty-sixth padishah. His father was sultan Abdülmecid I and mother was Gülüstü, (1831 - May 1861), originally named Henriet[citation needed], a Circassian. Mehmed was removed from the throne when the Ottoman sultanate was abolished in 1922.

Contents

Birth

He was born in the Dolmabahçe Palace or the Beşiktaş Palace, Beşiktaş, both in Constantinople.[2][3] On his ninth birthday he was ceremoniously circumcised in the special Circumcision Room (Sünnet Odasi) of Topkapı Palace.

Only a few were members of the Turkish harems, even the mothers of the sultans and their children for generations came from most of Europe or the Caucasus.

Reign

The First World War was a disaster for the Ottoman Empire. British and allied forces had conquered Baghdad, Damascus, and Jerusalem during the war and most of the Empire was divided among the European allies. At the San Remo conference of April 1920, the French were granted a mandate over Syria and the British were granted one over Palestine and Mesopotamia. On 10 August 1920, Mehmed's representatives signed the Treaty of Sèvres, which recognized the mandates, removed Ottoman control over Anatolia and İzmir, severely reduced the extent of Turkey, and recognized Hejaz as an independent state.

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