Messianic Judaism

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Messianic Judaism is a syncretic religious movement that adds to Evangelical Christian theology some elements of Jewish terminology and ritual.[1][2][3][4] In 2003, there were at least 150 Messianic houses of worship in the United States and over 400 worldwide, often members of larger Messianic organizations or alliances.[5] In 2008, the movement was reported to have between 6,000 and 15,000 members in Israel.[6][7]

Messianic Judaism states that Jesus is not merely a man, but also "God the Son" (one person of the Trinity),[8][9][10][11] and that salvation is only achieved through acceptance of Jesus as one's savior.[12] Any Jewish laws or customs that are followed are cultural and do not contribute to attaining salvation.[1] Belief in the messiahship and divinity of Jesus, which Messianic Judaism shares, is viewed by Christian denominations[13] and Jewish religious movements[14] as being a defining distinction between Christianity and Judaism.[15][16][17][18][19]

Some members of the movement are ethnically[13][20] Jewish, and some of them argue that Messianic Judaism is a sect of Judaism.[21] Jewish organizations and religious movements reject this, stating that Messianic Judaism is a Christian sect.[14] The Supreme Court of Israel has ruled that the Law of Return should treat Jews who convert to Messianic Judaism the same way it treats Jews who convert to Christianity.[22] Mainstream Christian groups generally accept Messianic Judaism as a form of Christianity.[13]

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