Michelangelo

related topics
{church, century, christian}
{son, year, death}
{@card@, make, design}
{god, call, give}
{build, building, house}
{film, series, show}
{work, book, publish}
{theory, work, human}
{woman, child, man}
{government, party, election}
{food, make, wine}

Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni[1] (6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564), commonly known as Michelangelo, was an Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect, poet, and engineer. Despite making few forays beyond the arts, his versatility in the disciplines he took up was of such a high order that he is often considered a contender for the title of the archetypal Renaissance man, along with his rival and fellow Italian, Leonardo da Vinci.

Michelangelo's output in every field during his long life was prodigious; when the sheer volume of correspondence, sketches, and reminiscences that survive is also taken into account, he is the best-documented artist of the 16th century. Two of his best-known works, the Pietà and David, were sculpted before he turned thirty. Despite his low opinion of painting, Michelangelo also created two of the most influential works in fresco in the history of Western art: the scenes from Genesis on the ceiling and The Last Judgment on the altar wall of the Sistine Chapel in Rome. As an architect, Michelangelo pioneered the Mannerist style at the Laurentian Library. At 74 he succeeded Antonio da Sangallo the Younger as the architect of Saint Peter's Basilica. Michelangelo transformed the plan, the western end being finished to Michelangelo's design, the dome being completed after his death with some modification.

In a demonstration of Michelangelo's unique standing, he was the first Western artist whose biography was published while he was alive.[2] Two biographies were published of him during his lifetime; one of them, by Giorgio Vasari, proposed that he was the pinnacle of all artistic achievement since the beginning of the Renaissance, a viewpoint that continued to have currency in art history for centuries. In his lifetime he was also often called Il Divino ("the divine one").[3] One of the qualities most admired by his contemporaries was his terribilità, a sense of awe-inspiring grandeur, and it was the attempts of subsequent artists to imitate Michelangelo's impassioned and highly personal style that resulted in Mannerism, the next major movement in Western art after the High Renaissance.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Peter Paul Rubens
Louis IX of France
Pope Victor III
Paul Cézanne
John of the Cross
Cyprian
Leone Battista Alberti
Gregory of Tours
Anthony of Padua
Lanfranc
Giles Gilbert Scott
Pope Gregory VII
Edgar Degas
Palace of Versailles
Maximus the Confessor
Óscar Romero
Johannes Vermeer
Robert Adam
Paolo Uccello
Father Damien
Teresa of Ávila
Masaccio
Panthéon (Paris)
Nikolaj Abraham Abildgaard
Jan van Eyck
Pope Sixtus IV
Pope Vigilius
Pope Leo X
Marrano
Aldhelm