Migration Period

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The Migration Period, also called the Barbarian Invasions or German: Völkerwanderung (wandering of the peoples), was a period of human migration that occurred roughly between AD 300 to 700 in Europe,[1] marking the transition from Late Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages. These movements were catalyzed by profound changes within both the Roman Empire and the so-called 'barbarian frontier'. Migrating peoples during this period included the Huns, Goths, Vandals, Bulgars, Alans, Suebi, Frisians, and Franks, among other Germanic and Slavic tribes.

Migrations of peoples, although not strictly part of the 'Migration Age', continued beyond the period usually referred to as the Migration Period, marked by the Arab conquest or Rise of the Ottoman Empire, and by Viking, Magyar, Moorish, Turkic, and Mongol invasions, these also had significant effects, especially in North Africa, the Iberian peninsula, Anatolia, Central and Eastern Europe.

Contents

Chronology

The periodization may be divided into two phases:

between AD 300 and 500, somewhat documented in the Mediterranean literary sources of Greek and Latin historians, and difficult to verify in archaeology, put Germanic peoples in control of most areas of the then Western Roman Empire. [2]

The famous Visigoths entered Roman territory, after a clash with the Huns, in 376. Their subsequent deditio was probably not acceptable. During a dramatic incident the following year in Marcianopolis, the escort to Fritigern, their leader, was killed while meeting with Lupicinus.[3] The Visigoths rebelled, eventually invading Italy and sacking Rome itself in 410, before settling in Iberia and founding a kingdom there that endured for 200 years. They had been followed into Roman territory by the Ostrogoths led by Theodoric the Great, who settled in Italy itself.

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