Military of Yemen

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The number of military personnel in Yemen is relatively high; in sum, Yemen has the second largest military force on the Arabian Peninsula after Saudi Arabia. Yemen’s military consists of an army, navy, air force, and reserves. In 2007 total active troops were estimated as follows: army, 66,000; navy, 7000; and air force, 5,000. In September 2007, the government announced the reinstatement of compulsory military service. Yemen’s defense budget, which in 2006 represented approximately 40 percent of the total government budget, is expected to remain high for the near term, as the military draft takes effect and internal security threats continue to escalate.

The military of Yemen includes the Yemen Army (includes Republican Guard), Navy (includes Marines), Yemen Air Force (Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Jamahiriya al Yemeniya; includes Air Defense Force) (2008). About 40% of the country's GDP accounts for defense spending. A major reorganization of the armed forces continues. The unified air forces and air defenses are now under one command. The navy has concentrated in Aden. Total armed forces manning numbers about 89,500, including conscripts. The Yemen Arab Republic and The People's Democratic Republic of Yemen joined to form the Republic of Yemen on 22 May 1990.[1]

Contents

History

North Yemen Civil War

The North Yemen Civil War begun in 1962 and ended in 1970. It took place between the North Yemen republican forces and the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen. The Royalists received support from Saudi Arabia and Jordan while the Republicans received support from Egypt and the Soviet Union. Saudi Arabia helped to hire hundreds of European mercenaries and at times the Royalists used local tribesmen. The Republicans also used about 55,000 Egyptian troops.

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