Mission La Purísima Concepción

related topics
{build, building, house}
{church, century, christian}
{area, community, home}
{line, north, south}
{service, military, aircraft}
{theory, work, human}
{city, population, household}
{land, century, early}
{town, population, incorporate}

Mission La Purisima Concepción, or La Purisima Mission, with the original Spanish name being La Misión de La Purísima Concepción de la Santísima Virgen María, was founded on the Feast Day of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin on December 8, 1787. The present day and second site is located east of the town of Lompoc in Santa Barbara County, California, between Santa Barbara and San Luis Obispo. Mission La Purisima is currently the only example in California of a complete Spanish Catholic mission complex.

Contents

History

Lompoc was so small that the Viceroyalty of New Spain made an exception to the rule which stated that no California mission was to be established within seven miles of any pueblo in Las Californias, as the original site of Mission La Purisima was only one mile north from the small settlement. The mission was moved four miles east of the pueblo to its present location after a Santa Barbara Earthquake severely damaged the mission buildings on December 21, 1812.

By 1803, the Mission Indians population had increased, by Indian Reductions, to 1,436 Chumash people. The mission also had 3,230 cattle, 5,400 sheep, 306 horses, and 37 mules. In the same year, there was a harvest of 690 fanegas of wheat, corn and beans (a fanega equaling about 220 pounds).

After Mexico won the Mexican War of Independence in 1823, Spanish funding ceased to the Santa Barbara Presidio. Many soldiers at the mission who were no longer being paid by the new Mexican government took out their frustrations on the local Chumash Indians. After a soldier apparently beat an Indian at nearby Mission Santa Inés, A major Chumash revolt occurred at that mission in 1824. It spread to La Purisima Mission, where the Chumash people took over the mission for one month until more soldiers arrived from Monterey Presidio. Eventually, the Chumash lost their hold on the mission with many leaving the mission soon thereafter. However, many of the Indians who had sought refuge in the neighboring mountains during the revolt returned to the mission.

Following independent Mexico's secularization of the Alta California missions from 1834 to 1843, the buildings of La Purisima Mission were abandoned, and the lands were granted Rancho Ex-Mission la Purisima. By 1934 only nine of the buildings remained intact.

Full article ▸

related documents
Fairview Cemetery, Halifax, Nova Scotia
Mission San Juan Bautista
Blithfield Hall
List of windmills in the United Kingdom
Postmaster
World Cotton Centennial
Amberley Working Museum
Orient House
The Center
Casa Milà
Mission San Antonio de Padua
Survivors of the September 11 attacks
Haddiscoe Cut
Mortlake
Vanderbilt, Texas
London Post Office Railway
Carmel, New York
Keller's Mill Covered Bridge
Liskeard and Looe Union Canal
Delanson, New York
Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation
Aon Center (Chicago)
Fulgence Bienvenüe
Glen Ellyn, Illinois
Dean Cemetery
Pinetown Bushong's Mill Covered Bridge
Clarendon Building
Tithe barn
Sesquicentennial Exposition
Nostell