Mnemonic

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A mnemonic (play /nəˈmɒnɪk/),[1] or mnemonic device, is any learning technique that aids memory. Commonly, mnemonics are verbal (such as a very short poem or a special word used to help a person remember something) but may be visual, kinesthetic or auditory. Mnemonics rely on associations between easy-to-remember constructs which can be related back to the data that is to be remembered. This is based on the principle that the typical human mind much more easily remembers spatial, personal, surprising, sexual, humorous or otherwise meaningful information than seemingly arbitrary sequences.

The word mnemonic is derived from the Ancient Greek word μνημονικός mnēmonikós ("of memory") and is related to Mnemosyne ("remembrance"), the name of the goddess of memory in Greek mythology. Both of these words refer back to μνῆμα mnḗma ("remembrance").[2] Mnemonics in antiquity were most often considered in the context of what is today known as the Art of Memory.

The major assumption in antiquity was that there are two sorts of memory: the "natural" memory and the "artificial" memory. The former is inborn and is the one that everyone uses every day. The latter is trained through learning and practicing a variety of mnemonic techniques. It can also be used to perform feats of memory that are quite extraordinary or impossible to carry out using the natural memory alone.

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