Mohawk, Montgomery County, New York

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Mohawk is a town in Montgomery County, New York, United States. The population was 3,902 at the 2000 census.

The Town of Mohawk is on the north border of the county, west of the City of Amsterdam.

The county seat, Fonda is in Mohawk.

Contents

History

Jesuit missionaries entered this region around 1642 to work among the Mohawk. The principal village of the Mohawk was "Caughnawaga," now the site of Fonda.

The town was settled around 1725 from the English/Dutch region to the east. The Mohawk District, which became the original Town of Mohawk, was created in March 1772 by Sir William Johnson when Tryon County was split off from Albany County. It was the easternmost of five districts in the new county whose eastern boundary ran north from the Delaware River at the Pennsylvania line through present Schoharie County to a north-south line that now forms the eastern boundaries of Montgomery, Fulton, and Hamilton Counties, all the way to Canada. The district's western limit was an arbitrary north-south line drawn through "the noses", prominent rock prominences through which the Mohawk River flows four miles east of Canajoharie.

During the American Revolution the town was invaded by an army of Indians and Tories in 1780. The original District or "Town of Mohawk" was eliminated in 1793 by its division into the Towns of Florida and Charleston. The present town was created from part of the Town of Johnstown in 1837.

In 1865, the population of Mohawk was 2,948.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 35.4 sq mi (92 km2), of which, 34.7 sq mi (90 km2) of it is land and 0.7 sq mi (1.8 km2) of it (1.92%) is water.

The north town line is the border of Fulton County, New York, and the south town line is defined by the Mohawk River.

New York State Route 5 parallels the Mohawk River. New York State Route 30A and New York State Route 334 intersect NY-5 at Fonda.

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