Moriah, New York

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Moriah is a town in Essex County, New York, United States. The population was 4,879 at the 2000 census.

The Town of Moriah is in the eastern part of the county. It is 32 miles (52 km) south-southwest of Burlington, VT, 44 miles (71 km) south of Plattsburgh, 98 miles (157 km) north of Albany, NY, and 101 miles (163 km) south of Montreal, Quebec.[1][2] Moriah is inside the Adirondack Park.

Contents

History

After the French and Indian War, some British soldiers were granted land in the region. When the first settlement was made around 1785, local natives were still hunting in the area.

The town was formed in 1808 from the Town of Elizabethtown.

The early industry was primarily the mining and smelting of iron. These operations were conducted from 1824 until 1971. The Iron Center Museum in Port Henry recalls that past era.

Ice-fishing for Smelt on the frozen Lake Champlain has been a popular sport for more than a century, drawing tourists to join the natives in this activity.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 71.2 square miles (184.3 km²), of which, 64.7 square miles (167.5 km²) of it is land and 6.5 square miles (16.8 km²) of it (9.09%) is water.

The east town line is formed by Lake Champlain and the border of Vermont.

New York State Route 9N is a north-south highway near Lake Champlain. Interstate 87, The Northway, crosses the northwest corner of Moriah.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 4,879 people, 1,894 households, and 1,253 families residing in the town. The population density was 75.4 people per square mile (29.1/km²). There were 2,253 housing units at an average density of 34.8/sq mi (13.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.71% White, 2.79% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.21% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.30% of the population.

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