Nassau County, New York

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Nassau County (pronounced /ˈnæsɔː/) is a suburban county on Long Island, east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York, within the New York Metropolitan Area. As of the 2000 census, the population was 1,334,544. The name of the county comes from an old name for Long Island, which was at one time named Nassau, after Dutch William of Nassau, Prince of Orange (who later also ruled as King William III of England.) The county colors, orange and blue, are also the colors of the House of Orange. Nassau's county seat is located in the Village of Garden City, with a postal address in Mineola.[1][2]

Nassau, together with Suffolk County to its immediate east, are generally referred to as "Long Island" by area residents — as distinct from the New York City boroughs of Queens (Queens County) and Brooklyn (Kings County), which are physically on the island's westernmost end. Two cities, three towns, 64 incorporated villages, and numerous unincorporated hamlets are located within the county.

In 2008, Forbes magazine released its American Community Survey and named Nassau County number 10 in its list of the top 25 richest counties in America. This survey was completed before the economic crisis of 2008-2009. The survey also named Nassau County the second richest county per capita in the State of New York, with a median household income of $85,994.[3]

The New York Times cited a study by the non-profit group ERASE Racism, which determined that Nassau, and its neighboring county, Suffolk, are the most racially segregated suburbs in the United States.[4]

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