National Socialist black metal

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National Socialist black metal (also known as NSBM) is black metal that promotes National Socialist (Nazi) beliefs through their lyrics and imagery. These beliefs often include: white supremacy, racial separatism, antisemitism, heterosexism, and Nazi interpretations of paganism or Satanism. According to Mattias Gardell, NSBM musicians see "national socialism as a logical extension of the political and spiritual dissidence inherent in black metal.[1]

Bands whose members hold Nazi beliefs but do not express these through their lyrics are generally not considered NSBM by black metal musicians, but are labelled as such in media reports.[2] Some black metal bands have made references to Nazi Germany purely for shock value, much like some punk rock and heavy metal bands.

According to Christian Dornbusch and Hans-Peter Killguss, völkisch pagan metal and neo-Nazism are the current trends in the black metal scene, and are affecting the broader metal scene.[3] Mattias Gardell, however, sees NSBM artists as a minority within black metal.[1]

Contents

Origin

Varg Vikernes of Burzum is generally seen as the main person to have brought Nazism into the black metal scene.[4][5] According to an interview in Blood & Honour magazine, he got in touch with neo-Nazi organisation Zorn 88’s (later called Norges Nasjonalsocialistiske Bevegelse [NNSB]) magazine Gjallarhorn in 1992.[4] and joined White Aryan Resistance before he murdered Øystein Aarseth.[6] Although his lyrics do not express Nazi ideology and his music is therefore not seen as NSBM by the scene (but by external sources, like Mattias Gardell,[7]) his writings are part of its ideological fundament.[citation needed] Furthermore, he has applauded NSBM bands for having “the guts to be different and politically incorrect, unlike the spineless poser-bands in the "Black Metal" scene.”[8] He has posted some arguably racist essays on the Burzum website.[9] However, Vikernes has since tried to distance himself from Nazism and the NSBM scene, preferring to refer to himself as an odalist instead of a "socialistic", "materialistic" Nazi.[10]

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