Nemacolin, Pennsylvania

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Nemacolin is a census-designated place (CDP) in Greene County, Pennsylvania, United States founded as a company town[1] around the workings of a YS&T company owned and operated coal mine in 1917 and named for a legendary Amerindian ally ā€” Chief Nemacolin, who showed the Virginia settlers how to cross the successive Allegheny barrier ridges via the Cumberland Narrows and the Nemacolin Trail  ā€” which Braddock's Expedition widened into a wagon road through the barrier range. The population was 1,034 at the 2000 census.


History in brief

The land upriver from Brownsville along the eastern border of Green County was acquired by Youngstown Sheet and Tube Co.[1] (YS&T) which planned, zoned, populated, and built the community complete with a Movie theater, tennis courts, amusement hall (in the fashion of the times in blue collar company towns, part pool hall, part Beer garden), and swimming pool[1] near Carmichaels Borough. At one time, Youngstown Sheet and Tube was the largest steel company in the nation[2]. Establishing the town well after the United Mine Workers flexed their muscles in the strikes of the 1890sā€“1900s and after it's riot troubles in Youngstown in 1916[2], it is also likely the company had a hand in establishing the local school and one or more churches and likely issued invitations and recruited the medical practitioners operating the various health clinics[notes 1]

The mine, established[when?] outside the town, was one of many large mines atop the 'Pittsburgh Coal Seam' on the west bank of the Monogahela[1] was operated as a subsidiary under the name as the Buckeye Coal Company and grew and benefited as being directly on the railroad route up the river to West Virginia[1] and was able to load both river coal barges and freight trains with its output. It is thought by some to have been the largest coal mine in the United States in 1919, and was rated at being the second most productive in Greene County in the 1940s[1] war years. The mine operated nearly 70 years, shutting down production in 1986, and was sealed (safed) 2-3 years[1] later.

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