New Albion, New York

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New Albion is a town in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. The population was 2,068 at the 2000 census. The town is named after Albion in Orleans County, New York, the source of some early settlers.

The Town of New Albion is in the northwest quadrant of the county, northwest of the City of Salamanca.



The area was in the domain of the Seneca tribe and was first settled by outsiders around 1818. The Town of New Albion was established in 1880 from part of the Town of Little Valley. The oldest business community in the town was New Albion with its first store opening in 1833. Later the Village of Cattaraugus surpassed New Albion.

Note that New Albion is also a name once applied to the east coast of North America.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.4 square miles (94.4 km²), of which, 36.3 square miles (94.1 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.22%) is water.

New York State Route 353 is an important north-south highway in the town.

Conewango Creek flows out of the west part of the town.

Adjacent towns and areas

The Town of Persia lies to the north. New Albion forms its border on the east with the Town of Mansfield and on the west with the Town of Leon. To the south is the Town of Napoli.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,068 people, 808 households, and 547 families residing in the town. The population density was 56.9 people per square mile (22.0/km²). There were 1,005 housing units at an average density of 27.6/sq mi (10.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.74% White, 0.15% African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.19% from other races, and 0.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.35% of the population.

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