New Haven, Connecticut

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New Haven is the second-largest municipality[2] in Connecticut (after Bridgeport and just ahead of Hartford) and the sixth-largest municipality in New England[3] with a core population of about 123,000 people.[1] "New Haven" may also refer to the wider Greater New Haven area, which has nearly 600,000 inhabitants in the immediate area.[4][5] It is located in New Haven County, on New Haven Harbor, on the northern shore of Long Island Sound.

One year after its founding in 1638, eight streets were laid out in a grid of four streets by four streets creating what is now commonly known as the "Nine Square Plan,"[6] which is recognized by the American Institute of Certified Planners as a National Historic Planning Landmark. The central common block is New Haven Green a 16-acre (6 ha) square, now a National Historic Landmark and the center of Downtown New Haven.

New Haven had the first public tree planting program in America, producing a canopy of mature trees (including some large elms) that gave New Haven the nickname "The Elm City."[7]

The city is the home of Yale University. The university is an integral part of the city's economy, being New Haven's biggest taxpayer and employer,[8] as noted in the Mayor's 2010 State of the City address.[9] Health care (hospitals and biotechnology), professional services (legal, architectural, marketing, and engineering), financial services, and retail trade also help to form an economic base for the city. Since the mid-1990s, the city's downtown area has seen extensive revitalization.[10]

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