New London, New Hampshire

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New London is a town in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 4,116 at the 2000 census. The 2009 population was estimated to be 4,456.[1]

Contents

History

In 1753, the Masonian Proprietors of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, granted the area now called New London as "Heidelberg". Although it appears on some New Hampshire maps, the township was never settled, and the 1753 grant lapsed into default.

In 1773, roughly the same area was awarded as the "Alexandria Addition" to a new group of speculators, who had previously been granted the adjacent township of Alexandria. These proprietors were led by Jonas Minot of Concord, Massachusetts, but the others were Scotch-Irish immigrants living in Londonderry, New Hampshire. None built dwellings in the Alexandria Addition. Instead they recruited settlers to build roads, mills, schools, and a church—all increasing the value of their land holdings. Nearly all of the original settlers came from Massachusetts, either from the Amesbury area of the north shore or from the Attleboro area in the southeast. The township proprietors soon began a long, systematic process of subdividing and selling their properties at great profit.

By 1779, there were sixteen families recorded within the bounds of the Alexandria Addition, and they petitioned the General Court to incorporate as the town of "New London" -- officially named after London, England, but perhaps also an acknowledgement of the Londonderry-based proprietors. The first town meeting was held on August 3, 1779.

In 1807, the northern half of New London was annexed, merged with an area called "Kearsarge Gore", and then incorporated as the town of Wilmot, New Hampshire. In the early 19th century, there were three small additions to New London, including the village of Otterville in 1817.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 25.6 square miles (66 km2), of which 22.5 sq mi (58 km2) is land and 3.1 sq mi (8.0 km2) is water, comprising 12.04% of the town. The highest point in town is Morgan Hill, approximately 1,770 feet (540 m) above sea level.

The town is crossed by Interstate 89, which serves New London with two exits, by New Hampshire Route 11, and by New Hampshire Route 114.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 4,116 people, 1,574 households, and 1,051 families residing in the town. The population density was 182.9 people per square mile (70.6/km²). There were 2,085 housing units at an average density of 92.6/sq mi (35.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.35% White, 0.22% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.63% of the population.

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