New Philadelphia, Ohio

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New Philadelphia is a city in Tuscarawas County, Ohio, United States, 71 miles south of Cleveland on the Tuscarawas River. It was first incorporated in 1808. Coal and clay are found in the vicinity. In the past, mining interests and the manufacturing of steel, canned goods, roofing tile, sewer pipe, bricks, vacuum cleaners, stovepipes, carriages, flour, brooms, and pressed, stamped, and enameled goods occupied the people. In 1900, 6,213 people lived here; in 1910 8,542; in 1920, 10,718; and in 1940, 12,328 people lived here. The population was 17,056 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Tuscarawas County[3].

Contents

History

From the Ohio Historical Society page on Schoenbrunn (linked below): The Moravian Church founded Schoenbrunn ("beautiful spring") in 1772 as a mission to the Delaware Indians. The settlement grew to include sixty dwellings and more than 300 inhabitants who drew up Ohio's first civil code and built its first Christian church and schoolhouse.

Problems associated with the American Revolution prompted Schoenbrunn's closing in 1777. Schoenbrunn's story features a rare meeting of Indian and European cultures.

Today the reconstructed village in eastern New Philadelphia includes seventeen log buildings, gardens, the original mission cemetery, and a museum and visitor center. The site also includes natural areas and picnic facilities. Agriculture was a significant part of life for German immigrants. They farmed potatoes, blueberries and were a large manure center in the 1800s.

In the 1970s playwright Paul Green wrote an outdoor drama called Trumpet in the Land. It was the story depicting the life and massacre of 90 Christian Indians in Gnadenhutten.

Geography

New Philadelphia is located at 40°29′22″N 81°26′50″W / 40.48944°N 81.44722°W / 40.48944; -81.44722 (40.489411, -81.447324),[4] along the Tuscarawas River.[5]

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