Newberry, Florida

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Newberry is a city located on the west side of Alachua County, Florida, United States. The population was 3,316 at the 2000 census. As of 2004, the population recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau is 3,630 [1]. Much of the city borders the neighboring Gilchrist County to the west. The current mayor is Harry Nichols.

Contents

History

Newberry developed as a mining town after phosphate was discovered in the western part of Alachua County in 1889; and, the town was located along the route of the Savannah, Florida, and Western Railway, that in 1893 was extended southward from High Springs. A post office established in March 1894 was named Newton, but changed to Newberry in August of that year. In 1896 there were fourteen mines operating nearby; with hotels, boarding houses and saloons to accommodate the town's transient and sometimes unruly population. The demand for phosphate ended abruptly in 1914 when war was declared against Germany, the principal customer for Newberry's phosphate. In 1916 five African-Americans were killed in a lynch riot following the killing of a white police officer by a black man (who promptly disappeared and was not lynched) The community turned to agriculture and was particularly successful at producing watermelons. The Watermelon Festival, first held in 1946, continues to be an annual event. In 1987 Newberry's Historic District was officially listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Newberry is located at 29°38′23″N 82°36′31″W / 29.639605°N 82.608715°W / 29.639605; -82.608715.[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 119.1 km² (46.0 mi²). 116.3 km² (44.9 mi²) of it is land and 2.7 km² (1.0 mi²) of it (2.28%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 3,316 people, 1,258 households, and 904 families residing in the city. The population density was 28.5/km² (73.8/mi²). There were 1,360 housing units at an average density of 11.7/km² (30.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.63% White, 16.34% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.65% of the population.

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