Newbury, Massachusetts

related topics
{land, century, early}
{household, population, female}
{town, population, incorporate}
{water, park, boat}
{school, student, university}
{food, make, wine}
{village, small, smallsup}
{area, community, home}

Newbury is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 6,717 at the 2000 census. Newbury includes the villages of Old Town (Newbury Center), Plum Island and Byfield, home of The Governor's Academy (formerly Governor Dummer Academy), a private preparatory school.



Newbury Plantation was settled and incorporated in 1635. The Rev. Thomas Parker and cousin Rev. James Noyes along with his brother Nicholas Noyes led a group of approximately 100 pioneers from Wiltshire, England. They sailed from the River Thames aboard the ship Mary and John, first landing in Agawam (now Ipswich) in 1634. They arrived the next spring at the Quascacunquen River, now the Parker River. A commemorative stone marks the spot where Nicholas Noyes was the first of the new settlers to leap ashore at Newbury. The site had once been a village of the Pawtucket Indians, who hunted, fished or farmed. Many settlers would do the same. In 1791, 3,000 head of cattle grazed town lands, or on the region's abundant salt marsh hay. Other trades included tanning and shipbuilding. Newbury originally included Newburyport, set off in 1764, and West Newbury, set off in 1819.

Quascancunquen means "waterfall," referring to the falls in Byfield where Central Street crosses the Parker River. In 1636, the first water powered mill was established at the falls. Gristmills and sawmills were built, and in 1794, the first textile mill in Massachusetts. At Byfield in 1763 was founded the nation's first preparatory school, Dum'r (Dummer) Charity School, known subsequently as Dummer Academy, Governor Dummer Academy, and now The Governor's Academy. It was also site of the first female seminary, founded in 1807. Byfield developed into a mill village, and once had six water powered mills, manufacturing various products from woolens to snuff.

Full article ▸

related documents
New Gloucester, Maine
Damariscotta, Maine
Liverpool, New York
Limerick, Maine
Kanosh, Utah
Stonington, Maine
Stevensville, Montana
Salina, Oklahoma
Dumfries, Virginia
Camden, Maine
Murfreesboro, North Carolina
Bowdoinham, Maine
Cave-In-Rock, Illinois
Washington, New Hampshire
Buxton, Maine
South Berwick, Maine
Bollinger County, Missouri
Middlesex, Vermont
Moclips, Washington
Wilson, Arkansas
Dracut, Massachusetts
East Marion, New York
Natick, Massachusetts
Warren, Rhode Island
Silverhill, Alabama
Vonore, Tennessee
Mendon, Massachusetts
York County, Maine
Liberty County, Georgia
Hastings-on-Hudson, New York