Northfield, New Hampshire

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Northfield is a town in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 4,548 at the 2000 census. The 2009 population was estimated to be 5,054.[1]



The area was settled in 1760 as a part of Canterbury, then set off and incorporated as a town in 1780. Northfield has an uneven surface with some hills, the soil on which proved the most productive. Farming became the principal occupation. In 1848, the Boston, Concord and Montreal Railroad opened to Northfield, helping it develop symbiotically with Tilton across the river as a mill town. The Winnipesaukee River provided water power for mills, and by 1859, when the population was 1,332, Northfield had a woolen factory and a wrapping paper mill. [2]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 29.0 square miles (75.1 km2), of which 28.8 sq mi (74.6 km2) is land and 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2) is water, comprising 0.89% of the town. It is drained by Williams Brook and the Winnipesaukee River. The highest point in Northfield is the summit of Bean Hill at 1,500 feet (460 m) above sea level, in the southern part of town.

The town is served by Interstate 93 and state routes 132 and 140.


As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 4,548 people, 1,706 households, and 1,211 families residing in the town. The population density was 158.0 people per square mile (61.0/km²). There were 1,782 housing units at an average density of 61.9/sq mi (23.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.18% White, 0.13% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.92% of the population.

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