Numa, Iowa

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Numa is a city in Appanoose County, Iowa, United States. The population was 109 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Numa is located at 40°41′8″N 92°58′43″W / 40.68556°N 92.97861°W / 40.68556; -92.97861 (40.685566, -92.978596)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.1 km²), all of it land.

History

In 1907, fire destroyed the surface equipment of the Numa Block mine, at the time, the most productive mine in the county. The Numa Block shaft was 150 feet (46 m) deep, giving access to a 30-inch (760 mm) coal seam. The Numa Block Coal Company also owned mines in Seymour, Iowa (about 8 miles (13 km) to the west).[2]

The original Numa Block mine was closed in 1915, after having undermined 240 acres (0.97 km2). In 1911, the Numa Block Coal Company started a new mine, about a mile east of Numa. When fully developed, this mine employed 155 men, hoisting 300 tons of coal daily to ship 175 carloads of coal monthly. A new company town, Martinstown, was platted around this mine in 1913. The 40 or so houses in Martinstown were frequently known as Shantytown. The mine closed in 1937, after undermining 96 acres (390,000 m2). Aside from the blackened remains of the Martinstown slag pile, little remains of this mine today.[3] In 1914, the Numa Block Coal Company produced over 100,000 tons of coal, ranking among the top 24 coal producers in the state.[4]

Demographics

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 109 people, 48 households, and 31 families residing in the city. The population density was 245.7 people per square mile (95.6/km²). There were 66 housing units at an average density of 148.8/sq mi (57.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.08% White, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.67% of the population.

There were 48 households out of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 4.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.81.

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