Ogdensburg, New York

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Ogdensburg is a city in St. Lawrence County, New York, United States. The population was 12,364 at the 2000 census. In the late 18th century, European-American settlers named the community after American land owner and developer Samuel Ogden.

The City of Ogdensburg is at the northern border of New York, on the south bank of the St. Lawrence River. It is the only city located in Saint Lawrence County.

The Port of Ogdensburg is the only U.S. port on the St. Lawrence Seaway. Ogdensburg International Airport is located south of the city. The Ogdensburg-Prescott International Bridge, northeast of the city, links the United States and Canada.

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History

This was ancient territory of indigenous peoples of varying cultures. By 1000 CE, Iroquoian-speaking peoples were settling along the St. Lawrence River and practicing agriculture, as well as hunting and fishing. Since the 1950s, historians, linguists, and archeologists have found evidence of a distinct people, the St. Lawrence Iroquoians, who inhabited the areas along the St. Lawrence River from before 1300 until the late 16th century.[1] They spoke Laurentian and were a group distinct from the later historical five and Six Nations of the Iroquois Haudenosaunee. By the late 16th century, this people disappeared from the St. Lawrence Valley, probably due to warfare by the Mohawk over the fur trade.[2]

By the time of later French contact, for instance in the early 17th century with Samuel de Champlain, the Five Nations of the Haudenosaunee: Mohawk, Onondaga, Oneida, Cayuga, and Seneca, were allied in the Iroquois Confederacy, based in present-day New York. Onondaga settlements extended up along the south shore of Lake Ontario. Both the Huron and Mohawk used the St. Lawrence Valley for hunting grounds and as a path for war parties.

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