Oneida County, Idaho

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Oneida County is a county located in the U.S. state of Idaho. As of the 2000 Census the county had a population of 4,125 (2008 estimate: 4,130).[1] The county seat and largest city is Malad City.[2] The Oneida County Courthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Most of the county's population lives in Malad City and the surrounding Malad Valley. The county is named for Oneida Lake, New York, the area from which most of the early settlers had emigrated.[3]

Oneida County was organized on January 22, 1864, as part of Idaho Territory. The original county seat was at Soda Springs in present-day Caribou County. The county seat was moved to Malad City in 1866 because of its population growth and location on the freight road and stagecoach line between Corinne, Utah, and the mines in Butte, Montana.

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Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,202 square miles (3,112 km²), of which 1,200 square miles (3,109 km²) is land and 1 square mile (3 km²) (0.11%) is water.

Elkhorn Peak is the county's highest point, at 9,095 feet (2772 m) above sea level. Alternating valleys and ridges of mountains or hills typify the topography, with grassland and sagebrush covering most areas. The Curlew National Grassland lies within the county.

Adjacent counties

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