Orange, Vaucluse

related topics
{church, century, christian}
{war, force, army}
{land, century, early}
{city, large, area}
{language, word, form}
{government, party, election}
{area, part, region}
{town, population, incorporate}
{son, year, death}
{country, population, people}
{area, community, home}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{god, call, give}

Orange

Coordinates: 44°08′18″N 4°48′35″E / 44.138334°N 4.809723°E / 44.138334; 4.809723


Orange (Provençal Occitan: Aurenja in classical norm or Aurenjo in Mistralian norm) is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

It has a primarily agricultural economy. It is located about 21 km (13 mi) north of Avignon. It is the warmest city in France in terms of average temperature.

Contents

History

Roman Orange was founded in 35 BC by veterans of the Second legion[citation needed] as Arausio (after the local Celtic water god), or Colonia Julia Firma Secundanorum Arausio in full, "the Julian colony of Arausio established by the soldiers of the second legion." The name was originally unrelated to that of the orange fruit (Sanskrit nāraṅgaḥ), but was later conflated with it. (see Orange (word))

A previous Celtic settlement with that name existed in the same place and a major battle, which is generally known as the Battle of Arausio, had been fought in 105 BC between two Roman armies and the Cimbri and Teutones tribes.

Arausio covered an area of some 170 acres (69 ha) and was well endowed with civic monuments - as well as the theatre and arch, it had a monumental temple complex and a forum.

It was the capital of a wide area of northern Provence, which was parcelled up into lots for the Roman colonists.

Full article ▸

related documents
Amber, India
Gorinchem
Kirkcudbright
1st century
Soissons
Citadel
Arras
Neubrandenburg
Ratzeburg
Otto Dix
Dordogne
Solothurn
Bergen, North Holland
Thyatira
Luxeuil-les-Bains
Basingwerk Abbey
Aigues-Mortes
Termini Imerese
Novodevichy Cemetery
Bergen op Zoom
Château de Saumur
Lindisfarne Gospels
Pusey House, Oxford
Ostia Antica
Monasterboice
Castle Rising (castle)
Thorn (Netherlands)
Margam Abbey
Trinity College, Oxford
Sienese School