Otolaryngology

related topics
{disease, patient, cell}
{work, book, publish}
{service, military, aircraft}
{school, student, university}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{day, year, event}

Otolaryngology or ENT (ear, nose, and throat) is the branch of medicine and surgery that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose, throat, and head and neck disorders. The full name of the specialty is otolaryngology–head and neck surgery. Practitioners are called otolaryngologists–head and neck surgeons, or sometimes otorhinolaryngologists (ORL).

The term comes from the Classical Greek roots ὠτ- - ot- (root of οὖς) "ear", λαρυγγ- - laryng- (root of λάρυγξ) "larynx/throat", and the suffix -logy "study", and it literally means "the study of ear and throat".

The full term otorhinolaryngology (neoclassical Greek and modern Greek: ὠτο(ρ)ρινολαρυγγολογία), also includes ῥινο- - rhino- (root of ῥίς) "nose".

Contents

Explanation

Otolaryngologists are medical doctors (MD, DO, MBBS, MBChB, etc.) who, in the United States, complete at least five years of surgical residency training. This is composed of one year in general surgical training and four years in otolaryngology–head and neck surgery; in the past it varied between two and three years of each.

Following residency training some otolaryngologists elect to complete advanced subspeciality fellowship training which can be 1–2 years in duration (pediatric otolaryngology[1], neuro-otology, laryngology, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, rhinology, or head and neck oncology).[citation needed]

Full article ▸

related documents
Parkinsonism
Diphallia
Mood disorder
Tumor
Kitasato Shibasaburo
Oligoclonal band
Antianginal
Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System
Topic outline of health science
Angela Vincent
Provirus
List of infectious diseases
New World Syndrome
Sleep and learning
Griffith's experiment
Prostatitis
Aconitine
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Subluxation
Equilibrioception
Thoracic cavity
Vector (biology)
Labia majora
Mucous membrane
Trichomoniasis
Roger Wolcott Sperry
Lunatic
Bioassay
Asphyxia
Hans Selye