Owen Tudor

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Sir Owen Meredith Tudor (Welsh: Owain ap Maredudd ap Tudur pronounced [ˈəuain ap maˈrɛdɨð ap ˈtɛudʊr]; c. 1400 – 2 February 1461[1]) was a Welsh soldier and courtier, descended from a daughter of the Welsh prince Rhys ap Gruffudd, "The Lord Rhys". However, Owen Tudor is particularly remembered for his role in founding England's Tudor dynasty - including his relationship with, and probable secret marriage to, Catherine of Valois, widow of King Henry V of England[2].

Contents

Early life

It is believed that Owen's (Welsh: Owain) father Maredudd (Meredith) fled Wales, rather than face a trial for murder. Owain became the ward of his father's second cousin, Lord Rhys. At the age of seven, he was sent to the English court as page to the King's Steward. At that point, his name was anglicized to Owen Tudor. Tudor fought at Agincourt; and appears to have been promoted to squire. At any rate, after Agincourt he was granted "English rights" and permitted to use Welsh arms in England. (Henry IV had deprived Welshmen of many civil rights).

Ancestry

Owen was a descendant of Rhys ap Gruffydd (1132-1197) via the lineages that follow:

Rhys had a daughter, Gwenllian ferch (daughter of) Rhys, who was married to Ednyfed Fychan, Seneschal of the Kingdom of Gwynedd (d. 1246).

Ednyfed Fychan and Gwenllian ferch Rhys were the parents of Goronwy, Lord of Tref-gastell (d. 1268). Goronwy was married to Morfydd ferch Meurig, daughter of Meurig of Gwent. (Meurig was the son of Ithel, grandson of Rhydd and great-grandson of Iestyn ap Gwrgant. Iestyn had been the last King of Gwent (reigned 1081 - 1091) before its conquest by the Normans.)

Goronwy and Morfydd were parents of Tudur Hen, Lord of Penmynydd (d. 1311). Tudur Hen later married Angharad ferch Ithel Fychan, daughter of Ithel Fychan ap Ithel Gan, Lord of Englefield. They were the parents of Goronwy ap Tudur, Lord of Penmynydd (d. 1331).

Goronwy ap Tudur was married to Gwerfyl ferch Madog, daughter of Madog ap Dafydd, Baron of Hendwr. They were the parents of Tudur Fychan, Lord of Penmynydd (d. 1367).

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