Palestine Liberation Organization and Hamas

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The Fatah–Hamas conflict (Arabic: النزاع بين فتح و حماسAl-Nizāʿ bain Fataḥ wa Ḥamās), also referred to as the Palestinian Civil War (Arabic: الحرب الأهلية الفلسطينية Al-Ḥarb al-ʾAhliyyah al-Filisṭīnīyah), and the Conflict of Brothers (Arabic: صراع الأخوة Ṣirāʿ al-Ikhwah), i.e. fratricidal war, began in 2006 after Hamas's legislative victories and has continued, in one form or another, into 2010. The conflict is between the two main Palestinian parties, Fatah and Hamas. In 2007, attempts at reconciliation resulted in the establishment of a Palestinan authority national unity government, headed by Ismail Haniya. Later that year, hostilities climaxed in the Battle of Gaza, resulting in Hamas taking control of the Gaza Strip [4] and removing of Fatah officials.

The conflict is called Wakseh among Palestinians, meaning humiliation, ruin, and collapse as a result of self-inflicted damage.

Contents

Background

The tensions between Hamas and Fatah began to rise in 2005 after the death of longtime PLO leader Yasser Arafat, who died on November 11, 2004, and intensified after Hamas won the elections of 2006.

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