Party-list proportional representation

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The order in which a party's list candidates get elected may be pre-determined by some method internal to the party or the candidates (a closed list system) or it may be determined by the voters at large (an open list system).

Many variations on seat allocation within party-list proportional representation exist. The three most common are:

List proportional representation may also be combined in various hybrids, e.g. using the additional member system.

List of main apportionment methods (most proportional to least proportional):

While the allocation formula is important, equally important is the district magnitude (number of seats in a constituency). The higher the district magnitude, the more proportional an electoral system becomes.

See also

External links

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