Pashto language

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Pashto (Naskh: پښتو [paʂˈto]; also transliterated Pakhto, Pushto, Pukhto, Pashtu, or Pushtu), also known as Afghani,[6] is the native language of the indigenous[7] Pashtun people who are found primarily in the area between the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan and the Indus River in Pakistan. It is a member of the Eastern Iranian languages group spoken in Afghanistan and Pakistan as well as by the Pashtun diaspora around the world.[8]

Pashto belongs to the North-Eastern Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian language family, according to Encyclopedia Iranica,[9] but Ethnologue lists it as Southeastern Iranian.[10] The number of Pashtuns or Pashto-speakers is estimated 50-60 million people world wide.[1][2][3][3][4][5][11] The Constitution of Afghanistan declares Pashto as one of the two official languages of the country, the other being Dari (Persian).[8][12][13][14]

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