Pelham, New Hampshire

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Pelham (pronounced /ˈpɛləm/) is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 10,914 at the 2000 census, with an estimated population of 12,550 in 2009.[1]



Pelham was split from Old Dunstable in 1741, when the border between Massachusetts and New Hampshire was settled. It was incorporated in 1746. The town is named after Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle.[2]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 27.0 square miles (69.9 km2), of which 26.4 sq mi (68.4 km2) is land and 0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2) is water, comprising 1.93% of the town. The highest point in Pelham is Jeremy Hill, at 577 feet (176 m) above sea level. The town contains the southernmost point in the state of New Hampshire, at 42°41′49″N 71°17′40″W / 42.69694°N 71.29444°W / 42.69694; -71.29444, as the northern boundary of Massachusetts runs slightly northwest from Pelham.[3]


The earliest census data shows the town of Pelham having a population of 543 residents in 1767.[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 10,914 people, 3,606 households, and 2,982 families residing in the town. The population density was 412.9 people per square mile (159.4/km²). There were 3,740 housing units at an average density of 141.5/sq mi (54.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was:

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