Philip III of Spain

related topics
{son, year, death}
{war, force, army}
{country, population, people}
{company, market, business}
{government, party, election}
{food, make, wine}
{church, century, christian}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{line, north, south}
{rate, high, increase}
{acid, form, water}

Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (14 April 1578 – 31 March 1621) was the King of Spain and King of Portugal and the Algarves, where he ruled as Philip II of Portugal (Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. Born in Madrid, the son of Philip II of Spain and his fourth wife (and niece) Anna, daughter of the Emperor Maximilian II and Maria of Spain, he married Margaret of Austria, sister of Emperor Ferdinand II, and like her husband, a member of the House of Habsburg.

Although considered to be a congenial and pious ruler, Philip's political reputation has been negative - an 'undistinguished and insignificant man,' a 'miserable monarch,' whose 'only virtue appeared to reside in a total absence of vice,' to quote three major historians of the period. In particular, Philip's reliance on his corrupt chief minister the Duke of Lerma drew much criticism at the time and afterwards. For many, the decline of Spain can be dated to the economic difficulties that set in during the early years of his reign. Nonetheless, as the ruler of the Spanish Empire at its height, and as the king who achieved a temporary peace with the Dutch (1609-21) and brought Spain into the Thirty Years War (1618-48) through an initially extremely successful campaign within the Holy Roman Empire, Philip's reign remains a critical period in Spanish history.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Andrew II of Hungary
Romulus Augustus
Ptolemy of Mauretania
Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Afonso de Albuquerque
Emperor Kammu
James I of Aragon
Lucien Bonaparte
Baldwin IV of Jerusalem
Carol II of Romania
Lucius Verus
Antiochus IV of Commagene
Empress Kōgyoku
Baldwin V of Jerusalem
Joséphine de Beauharnais
Eric XIV of Sweden
Mary of Guise
Afonso IV of Portugal
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute
Gustav I of Sweden
John Brown (servant)
Gabrielle d'Estrées
Edgar the Ætheling
Duke of Marlborough
Charles, Duke of Orléans
Jeanne III of Navarre
Princess of Wales
Natalia Brassova
Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley
House of York