Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana

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Plaquemines Parish (Louisiana French: Paroisse des Plaquemines) is the parish with the most combined land and water area in the U.S. state of Louisiana. The parish seat is Pointe à la Hache. As of 2000, the parish's population was 26,757.

The name is pronounced /ˈplɑːkəmɪnz/.

Plaquemines Parish is part of the New OrleansMetairieKenner Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the New Orleans–Metairie–Bogalusa Combined Statistical Area.

Billy Nungesser is the Parish President.

Contents

History

The name "Plaquemines" comes from a combination of Creole and the Native American word, piakimin, meaning persimmon. It was first used to name an old military post on the banks of the Mississippi which was surrounded by a large number of persimmon trees. Eventually the name was applied to the entire parish.

The oldest European settlement in the parish was La Balize, where the French built and inhabited a crude fort by 1699 near the mouth of the Mississippi River. The name in French meant "seamark", a tall structure of wood built as a guide for ships. The French built one 62 feet (19 m) high by 1721.[1] A surviving map from about 1720 shows the island and fort, and the mouth of the river.[2]

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