Plotinus

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Plotinus (Greek: Πλωτῖνος) (ca. AD 204/5–270) was a major philosopher of the ancient world who is widely considered the founder of Neoplatonism (along with his teacher Ammonius Saccas). Neoplatonism was an influential philosophy in Late Antiquity. Much of our biographical information about Plotinus comes from Porphyry's preface to his edition of Plotinus' Enneads. His metaphysical writings have inspired centuries of Pagan, Christian, Jewish, Islamic and Gnostic metaphysicians and mystics.

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Biography

Porphyry reported that Plotinus was 66 years old when he died in 270, the second year of the reign of the emperor Claudius II, thus giving us the year of his teacher's birth as around 205. Eunapius reported that Plotinus was born in the Deltaic Lycopolis Lyco from the Greek meaning "wolf". It is the same root that gave rise to Aristotle's Lyceum (place of the wolf)(Latin: Lyco) in Egypt, which has led to speculations that he may have been a native Egyptian of Roman,[1] Greek,[2] or Hellenized Egyptian[3] descent.

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