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A pogrom (Russian: погром) is a form of violent riot, a mob attack, either approved or condoned by government or military authorities, directed against a particular group, whether ethnic, religious, or other, and characterized by killings and destruction of their homes and properties, businesses, and religious centres. The term usually carries connotation of spontaneous hatred of majority population against certain (usually ethnic) minority, which they see as dangerous and harming the interests of majority. The term was originally used to denote extensive violence against Jews in the Russian Empire and a series of anti-German[2] pogroms in Russia in 1915.[3] Pogroms often affect members of middlemen minorities. This can, in extreme cases, result in genocide, such as that of Armenians or Jews[4].



The word pogrom (Russian: погром) came from the verb громить, Russian pronunciation: [ɡrɐˈmʲitʲ] "to destroy, to wreak havoc, to demolish violently" (in perfective, taking the form погромить). In Russian the word pogrom has a much wider application than in English, and can be applied to any incident of wanton and unrestrained destruction on a mass scale, such as may occur during wartime. The word pogrom may have come into English from the Yiddish word פאָגראָם, also a loanword from Russian.[5]

Pogroms against Jews

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