Pontius Pilate

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Pontius Pilate (pronounced /ˈpɒntʃəs ˈpaɪlət/; Latin: Pontius Pilatus, Greek: Πόντιος Πιλᾶτος) was the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea from AD 26–36.[1][2][3] He is best known as the judge at Jesus' trial and the man who authorized the Crucifixion.

Pilate appears in all four Canonical gospels. In Matthew, Pilate washes his hands of Jesus and reluctantly sends him to his death.[4] Mark, depicting Jesus as innocent of plotting against Rome, portrays Pilate as extremely reluctant to execute Jesus, blaming the Jewish priestly hierarchy for his death.[4] In Luke, Pilate not only agrees that Jesus did not conspire against Rome, but Herod Antipas, the Tetrarch, also finds nothing treasonable in Jesus' actions.[4] In John, Jesus' claim to be the Son of Man or the Messiah to Pilate and the Sanhedrin is not portrayed at all.[4]

Pilate's biographical details are unclear and some Biblical scholars believed that he was a mythical character. Then in 1961 an inscription with his name was found (see Pilate Stone), confirming his historicity and adding to the credence of the Biblical accounts.[5]

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