President of the People's Republic of China

related topics
{government, party, election}
{language, word, form}
{service, military, aircraft}
{math, number, function}
{law, state, case}
{work, book, publish}
{day, year, event}

The President of the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国主席; traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國主席; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Zhǔxí), literally Chairman of the People's Republic of China, or abbreviated Guójiā Zhǔxí 国家主席, literally Chairman of State) is an office under the National People's Congress and it is the head of state of the People's Republic of China. The office was created by the 1982 Constitution. Formally, the President is elected by the National People's Congress in accordance with Article 62 of the Constitution. In practice, this election falls into the category of 'single-candidate' elections, which the candidate is recommended by the Politburo of the Communist Party of China.

The term Zhuxi refers to the chairman in a committee, and was translated as such prior to the 1982 constitution (as in Chairman Mao, although Mao's title refers primarily to the position of Chairman of Party which he held from 1945 until death). The official translation switched to President after 1982 in conformity with Western terminology. However, Zhuxi stayed in Chinese, and in other contexts still corresponds to chairman in English. Meanwhile, the translation of English term President as the head of other states remained Zongtong (simplified Chinese: 总统; traditional Chinese: 總統; pinyin: zǒngtǒng), causing a bit of confusion with regard to usage.[who?]


Full article ▸

related documents
Politics of Chile
United States presidential election, 1836
John Engler
United States presidential election, 1824
Politics of Mauritius
Cumann na nGaedhael
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
United Australia Party
Politics of São Tomé and Príncipe
Foreign relations of the Republic of Ireland
President of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State
Government of Hong Kong
Western European Union
Nationalist Party of Australia
Politics of Uzbekistan
Politics of Burkina Faso
United Kingdom general election, 1979
Governor of Maryland
List of Presidents of Brazil
History of the United States National Security Council 1961–1963
Charles Evans Hughes
History of the United States National Security Council 1963–1969
Politics of the Isle of Man
Recall election
Politics of Nicaragua
Australian House of Representatives
Politics of the Bahamas
Politics of Yemen