Prithvi

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{god, call, give}
{son, year, death}
{food, make, wine}

Prithvi (Sanskrit: पृथ्वी pṛthvī, also पृथिवी pṛthivī) is the Hindu earth and mother goddess. According to one tradition, she is the personification of the Earth, and to another its Mother, being Prithivi Tattwa, the essence of the element earth. Prithvi is also called Dhra, Dharti, Dhrithri, meaning that which holds everything. As Prithvi Devi, she is one of two wives of Lord Vishnu. His other wife is Lakshmi. Prithvi is another form of Laxmi. Another name for Her is Bhumi or Bhudevi or Bhuma Devi.

As Prithvi Mata "Mother Earth" she contrasts with Dyaus Pita "father sky". In the Rigveda, Earth and Sky are frequently addressed in the dual, probably indicating the idea of two complementary half-shells. She is the wife of Dyaus Pita ('father Dyaus'). (The widespread belief that these two were originally a single deity appears to be mistaken. See Dyavaprthivi). She is the mother of Indra and Agni. According to a tradition, when Indra killed Dyaus Pita, she applauded and married him. She is associated with the cow. Prithu, an incarnation of Vishnu, milked her in the cow's form to get food from her. She is a national personification in Indonesia, where she is known as Ibu Pertiwi ('Mother Earth').


Contents

Ephitets

As Provider

  • Bhumi ("Soil")
  • Dhatri ("Nursing Mother")
  • Dharitri ("Nurturer")
  • Janitra ("Birthplace")
  • Medini ("Nurturer")
  • Prshni ("Mother of Plants")
  • Vanaspatinam Grbhir Osadhinam ("Womb of Forest Trees and Herbs")
  • Vishvadhaya ("All-Nourishing")
  • Vishvagabha ("World's Womb")
  • Vishvamshu ("Producer of Everything")
  • Vishvasvam ("Source of Everything")

As Sustainer

  • Dhara ("Upholder")
  • Drdha ("Steady One")
  • Ksama ("Patient One")
  • Sthavara ("Stable One")
  • Vishdava ("All-Preserving")
  • Vishvadharini ("All-Supporting")
  • Vishvamhara ("All-Bearing")

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